Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes (Accord issue 14, 2004) is an introduction to more than three decades of peacemaking efforts. It reveals the extraordinary work of civilians at grassroots, regional and national levels, and documents the main features and outcomes of formal peace processes with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the National Liberation Army (ELN), smaller guerrilla groups and more recently the paramilitaries.
Authors with expert or first-hand knowledge of Colombian peacemaking identify the successes and obstacles encountered in the search for a peace deal, pinpointing lessons to inform practice and policy. They stress the need to:
- ensure that a future model of conflict resolution harnesses greater public participation
- ensure respect for human rights
- build consensus and commitment to the negotiating agenda
- strengthen constructive international cooperation and improve democratic processes.