Harnessing incentives for peace: An interview with Alvaro de Soto

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
In this interview, experienced UN peacemaker Alvaro de Soto reflects on the roles incentives and pressure in peace processes in El Salvador, Cyprus and the Middle East. At the end is a short description of the UN-mediated settlement of the conflict in El Salvador, noting in particular the role played by the USA’s Dodd-Leahy bill.

Harnessing incentives for peace: An interview with Alvaro de Soto

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Accord Incentives: Harnessing incentives for peace
In this interview, experienced UN peacemaker Alvaro de Soto reflects on the roles incentives and pressure in peace processes in El Salvador, Cyprus and the Middle East.

Orchestrating international action

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Teresa Whitfield explores the ways in which coordination between external actors can result in a coherent application of policy instruments, reviewing various informal structures and coordination mechanisms and the circumstances in which they can succeed.

Influencing resolution: External roles in changing the strategic calculus of conflict

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Catherine Barnes and Aaron Griffiths discuss how external actors can support a constructive process leading to a mutually acceptable peace agreement – potentially by going beyond hard bargaining strategies to much broader problem-solving approaches.

Incentives and sanctions in peace processes

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Aaron Griffiths and Catherine Barnes examine the policy instruments that can be harnessed as sanctions and incentives to support peacemaking and suggest some determinants of their effectiveness.

Introduction

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
In introducing the publication, the authors review the key themes arising from the articles and discuss four main conclusions about how to enhance the effectiveness of external influence in support of peacemaking.

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

Incentives, sanctions and conditionality

Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour.

But do such policy instruments underpin or undermine peace processes? How can they constructively influence conflict parties' engagement in peacemaking initiatives?

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders

Jan 2011
War does not respect political or territorial boundaries. This twenty-second Accord publication looks at how peacebuilding strategies and capacity can ‘think outside the state’: beyond it, through regional engagement, and below it, through cross-border community or trade networks.

West African blood diamonds recognise no borders

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders
Jan 2011
In West Africa, diamonds were valuable assets in the regional conflict system, funding Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebels in Sierra Leone, and sustaining Charles Taylor’s grip on power in neighbouring Liberia. Alex Vines describes how regulating the ‘blood diamond’ trade through the Kimberley certification scheme has helped to de-link it from a regional war economy. The system is far from perfect, but the industry is in better shape than in the late 1990s.