Nagorny Karabakh and de facto elections

Listen to Laurence Broers from our Caucasus team in conversation with BBC Newshour (19 July 2012) on the topic of the de facto presidential elections in Nagorny Karabakh. Find out more by reading our discussion paper on status.

Recommendations for the UN's report on peacebuilding

Jul 2012
Conciliation Resources has submitted reflections and recommendations to the UN Peacebuilding Support Office, which is leading the development of the UN Secretary-General’s Report on Peacebuilding in the Aftermath of Conflict.

Conclusion: building peace and resilience for Lebanon

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
In their conclusion, Accord 24 co-editors Elizabeth Picard and Alexander Ramsbotham outline the progress needed to achieve durable peace in Lebanon. These include the need to tackle state-sponsored amnesia and sectarian narratives of the past; to meaningfully rebuild the social contract between state and society; to reinforce Lebanon's internal resilience in the face on external threats and intervention.

International peacebuilding in Lebanon: what role for the EU?

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Duccio Bandini discusses EU support for Lebanon, and in particular the role of the Instrument for Stability (IfS). EU engagement is increasingly looking to prioritise conflict sensitivity, moving beyond a primarily post-conflict recovery approach to address structural drivers of conflict. This has led to a renewed focus on supporting conflict prevention and peacebuilding tools geared towards dialogue and reconciliation, promoting electoral reform and reconciliation, and emphasising participation and civil society as a means to promote inclusion.

Box 8 - UNIFIL's contribution to peace in Lebanon: a conversation with Timur Goksel

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Timur Goksel analyses the UN Interim Force for Lebanon (UNIFIL), explaining that its role in patrolling Lebanon’s border with Israel is more political than military. It has correspondingly played key functions in facilitating liaison between Lebanese and Israeli militaries, as well as with local Lebanese in the south.

Boundaries and demarcation: delimiting and securing Lebanon’s borders

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
General Nizar Kader explores challenges relating to Lebanon’s borders, specifically demarcation of disputed areas like the Chebaa Farms, as well as delineating maritime boundaries in view of recent discoveries of natural gas reserves in the eastern Mediterranean. He describes how porous and disputed borders serve as pretexts for political violence or as channels for illicit arms transfers.

Israel and peace in Lebanon

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Ghassan El-Ezzi examines Lebanese-Israeli relations from a Lebanese perspective. He details barriers to achieving peace – or even to opening talks – between Lebanon and Israel, looking at internal divisions and Syrian influence in Lebanon, as well as prevailing Lebanese opinion of Israel as a military power with designs on key Lebanese resources. El-Ezzi further explores relations between Lebanon’s national security and Hezbollah’s ‘resistance’ role.

Lebanon and Syria

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Nahla Chahal explores the reciprocal nature of Lebanon’s relationship with Syria, reviewing contemporary history to explain its evolution and complexity at political and socio-economic levels. She emphasises that instability in Syria and its cross-border impact in Lebanon highlight the need for Lebanon to disentangle itself from its neighbour and clarify relations between the two countries.

Box 6 - Palestinian Islamism and Lebanese militancy: a conversation with Suhail Natour

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Suhail Natour unpacks links between Palestinians in Lebanon and religious radicalism, discussing the realities of relationships between Islamism and Palestinian political mobilisation – in Lebanon and the region more broadly.

Palestinians in Lebanon

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
The Palestinian question has weighed heavily in Lebanon, before, during and after the war. Sari Hanafi explores the contemporary status of Palestinians in Lebanon – legally and socio-economically. He focuses on governance within Palestinian camps and relations with broader Lebanese politics, arguing that a more constructive approach to governance and rights for Palestinians would in fact reinforce Lebanese sovereignty and security.