Lebanon’s model of post-war power sharing and liberal economic growth has been widely praised. But it has failed to deliver for most Lebanese. Repeated outbreaks of political violence since the 1989 Taif Peace Agreement, and today fear of spillover from insecurity in Syria, show that a fundamentally different approach is needed to transform negative and precarious stability in Lebanon into positive and resilient peace.
Two steps forward, one step back: the Nepal peace process
Aditya Adhikari traces the engagement of international actors in Nepal’s peace and transition process. He explores the role of India, by far the most influential actor in the peace process, in balancing its preference for political stability with an accommodation of the Maoists’ radical agenda and the grievances of the Madhesi community.
The enduring dominance of established elites and the historic discrimination of marginalised communities acted as key drivers to sustain Nepal’s civil war from 1996 to 2006.
In response, how to support greater inclusion has been central to efforts to build peace. Yet it has proved challenging to push forward the inclusion agenda in Nepal’s complex post-war social and political landscape.
Inclusive change has been variously advocated, incited, resisted and negotiated amongst social and political groups – elite and non-elite - for decades and in multiple forms
In the midst of violence: local engagement with armed groups
Governments and the international community remain reluctant to allow space for dialogue with non-state armed groups and have a limited understanding of how to reach and influence them constructively. Yet whilst international policy remains ambiguous, local populations living alongside armed groups may already be in contact.
New research explains how local leaders in east and central Africa and the international community can better protect civilians from the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), Joseph Kony’s guerrilla group, and reintegrate former members into their communities.
Thousands of children and adults have been abducted by the LRA. This report examines the experiences of those who return home. It looks at the difficulties of reintegration and proposes concrete ways to ease this process and lessen the impact on communities.
This policy brief summarises the findings and policy suggestions of a research project into the interconnected challenges of civilian protection and reintegration in areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army.
In the far north east of the DRC daily life is dominated by constant insecurity. This is a result of continuing attacks by the LRA, confrontations with a growing number of Mbororo cattle herders and banditry. This report analyses the challenges of protecting civilians in the LRA affected areas of DRC and suggests ways forward.
Our partner, Rosa Emilia Salamanca, is speaking at the UN’s General Assembly on the need to include gender, violence and peace in the post-2015 framework. Read more about how peace can be put at the heart of the UN’s post-2015 development goals.