Accord - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent (policy brief)

Apr 2014
This 6-page policy brief summarises the findings of Accord 25 - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent. It argues that a legitimacy lens should be applied to peace processes by paying attention to priorities of context, consent and change.

Al Jazeera: The Philippine Muslim rebels' long path to peace

Following the historic signing of a peace agreement in the Philippines, we spoke to Al Jazeera about the achievements and the long term challenges of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro.

Philippines reach landmark peace deal with MILF

After 17 years of negotiations, the Government of the Philippines will sign a historic peace agreement with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in Manila on 27 March 2014. Conciliation Resources is proud to have played a significant role in mediation support.

Negotiating inclusive peace in Colombia

Navigating inclusion in peace processes
Mar 2019
Introducing the Colombia study in this publication, Herbolzheimer provides a succinct summary of the peace process, explaining how it has developed new mechanisms for participation.

Gender and Nepal's transition from war

Sep 2017
Gender and Nepal's transition from war
This report reflects discussions from a gender workshop held in Nepal, which explored gender relations, equality and Nepal’s transition from war. Focus areas include: affirmative gender action in the transition, gender perspectives on security sector reform, access to justice and political participation; gendered perspectives of marginalised groups, and how different identities intersect. A short case study of the period of intense political change that followed the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal provides an illustrative, contemporary example of opportunities and challenges.

Uncertain aftermath: political impacts of the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal

Two steps forward, one step back: the Nepal peace process
Mar 2017

Austin Lord and Sneha Moktan review the political impact of the 2015 earthquakes. Emergency response mirrored failings of institutional incompetence and political patronage, with marginalised communities amongst the last to receive help. Dysfunctional local governance structures added to the problem.

Section 4: Conclusion

Two steps forward, one step back: the Nepal peace process
Mar 2017

Comparing the 2007 and 2015 constitutions

Two steps forward, one step back: the Nepal peace process
Mar 2017

Dipendra Jha compares Nepal’s 2007 and 2015 constitutions and the trajectory of commitments made to social inclusion. Focusing on key issues of quotas for marginalised communities, guarantees of representation, and implementation, he argues that the 2015 Constitution has rowed back on some of the progressive provisions to emerge in the 2007 Constitution.

Legislating inclusion: Post-war constitution making in Nepal

Two steps forward, one step back: the Nepal peace process
Mar 2017

Agreement on a new constitution has been a key objective of the Nepali peace process and a measure of progress on inclusion. Krishna Hachhethu explores the trajectory of constitution-making during the first and second Constituent Assemblies (2008-2012; 2013-2015), leading to the agreement of the 2015 Constitution.


The enduring dominance of established elites and the historic discrimination of marginalised communities acted as key drivers to sustain Nepal’s civil war from 1996 to 2006.

In response, how to support greater inclusion has been central to efforts to build peace. Yet it has proved challenging to push forward the inclusion agenda in Nepal’s complex post-war social and political landscape.

Inclusive change has been variously advocated, incited, resisted and negotiated amongst social and political groups – elite and non-elite - for decades and in multiple forms