Yemen - National Dialogue Conference: managing peaceful change?

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Ali Hassan explains how the National Dialogue Conference in Yemen has tried to tackle drivers of conflict and respond to imperatives of social and political change. The conference has organised working groups to address specific topics such as self-determination for the south, transitional justice, and rights and freedoms.

Burma - national dialogue: armed groups, contested legitimacy and political transition

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Harn Yawngwhe explores the genesis of the national dialogue process in Burma. Peacebuilding in Burma has a daunting agenda to accommodate an array of competing claimants to legitimacy, including the government and the army, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, political parties, civil society, ethnic entities, and more than 18 ethnic armed groups.

Basque Country: experiences of the Social Forum to invigorate peace

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Paul Rios describes civil society efforts to initiate an “informal” national dialogue process for the Basque Country, specifically a Social Forum organised in March 2013 and a citizen’s network.

National dialogue and legitimate change

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Hannes Siebert explains how national dialogue processes seek to address entrenched and protracted conflict through constructing forums for political reform and constitutional change. National dialogues prioritise domestic ownership as the stakeholders determine the process, decision-making and implementation mechanisms.

Institutionalising confidence building measures on Kashmir

Dec 2013
Institutionalising confidence building report cover
This briefing paper is the second in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group, discussing the need to consolidate confidence building measures across the Line of Control in Kashmir, in order to strengthen the peace process between India and Pakistan.

Background to the Kashmir conflict: challenges and opportunities

Sep 2013
Cover for Background to the Kashmir conflict
This paper is the first in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group (KIG), providing a background to the Kashmir context. The paper reflects on the current landscape in the region, identifies internal and external challenges and opportunities, and offers some suggested points of action in response to these.

Cross-Line of Control Trade: Peacebuilding and economic potential – Research report

Jun 2013
Since the launch of Cross-Line of Control (LoC) Trade in 2008 significant bodes of research and literature have come from Indian, Pakistani and Western sources but every study has addressed one question or the other but not both together in their entirety. This particular research work is significant in its many aspects: it explores both peacebuilding and the hard economics of cross-LoC trade.

Breaking through barriers of mistrust in Jammu and Kashmir

Ezabir Ali has sought to break through barriers of mistrust in Jammu and Kashmir and, subsequently, helped to instigate and facilitate a number of discussions for women in the region.

Reconciliation, reform and resilience: Positive peace for Lebanon (Accord 24) - Arabic version

Jul 2012
Lebanon’s model of post-war power sharing and liberal economic growth has been widely praised. But it has failed to deliver for most Lebanese. Repeated outbreaks of political violence since the 1989 Taif Peace Agreement, and today fear of spillover from insecurity in Syria, show that a fundamentally different approach is needed to transform negative and precarious stability in Lebanon into positive and resilient peace.

Colombia negotiations: Peace – a clear objective, but an unclear path

Starting a war is easy. It is much harder to end it. Kristian Herbolzheimer assesses that the Colombia–FARC peace process has arrived at one of its most critical points. Not everyone understands and shares the decision to break from the narrative of the past and to proceed to develop a new story, one that is free of resentment.