Peace by piece: Addressing Sudan’s conflicts (Arabic: Part 1)

Dec 2006
Accord 18 focuses on Sudan and asks which issues were excluded from the process leading to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. It suggests that future initiatives must be more inclusive and better coordinated.

Reconfiguring politics: The Indonesia-Aceh peace process (Indonesian)

Sep 2008
Reconfiguring politics: the Indonesia-Aceh peace process, edited by Aguswandi and Judith Large, analyses developments leading to the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between the Indonesian government and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) in August 2005, and how this agreement has been put into practice.

Whose peace is it anyway? Connecting Somali and international peacemaking (Somali)

Feb 2010
Accord Somalia cover image
Accord 21, Whose peace is it anyway? connecting Somali and international peacemaking, seeks to improve understanding and links between Somalis and international policy and practice. Edited by Mark Bradbury and Sally Healy it contains over 30 articles including interviews with Somali elders and senior diplomats, and contributions from Somali and international peacemaking practitioners, academics, involved parties, civil society and women’s organisations.

Choosing to engage: Strategic considerations for the Karen National Union

Choosing to engage: Armed groups and peace processes
May 2005
Accord Armed groups: Strategic considerations for the Karen National Union
Saw David Taw of the Karen National Union describes the internal pushes and pulls behind his movement’s intermittent dialogue with the Burmese government and explains what factors determine which faction wins the argument over whether to engage.

From armed struggle to political negotiation: Why? When? How?

Choosing to engage: Armed groups and peace processes
May 2005
Accord Armed groups: From armed struggle to political negotiation
Clem McCartney discusses how an armed group can be influenced to move away from a militant stance by tipping the balance of arguments in favour of more dovish factions within the group and strengthening trends that give a peace process credibility.

The Karabakh conflict and democratisation in Azerbaijan

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Jan 2006
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: The Karabakh conflict and democratisation in Azerbaijan
Rasim Musabayov describes the political crises that gripped newly independent Azerbaijan during the war and the relative stability that followed. He shows how political elites have sought to use public preoccupation with the Karabakh issue to their own advantage.

Self-regulating ceasefire

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: Self-regulating ceasefire
For more than a decade the line of contact separating Azerbaijan and Armenian-controlled Nagorny Karabakh has been observed by all parties without external peacekeepers. Oksana Antonenko describes how this situation arose and the role of peacekeepers in any future agreement.

Obstacles to resolution: An Azerbaijani perspective

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Former Azerbaijani negotiator Tofik Zulfuqarov presents his perspective on the OSCE Minsk Group negotiations, tracing issues and problems from 1992 onward. He argues that new concepts of ‘interim status’ have the potential to break the impasse.

The elusive ‘right formula’ at the ‘right time’: A historical analysis of the official peace process

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: The elusive ‘right formula’ at the ‘right time’
Former Armenian negotiator Gerard Libaridian describes the beliefs and miscalculations of both parties in the official peace process, concentrating particularly on Armenian dilemmas around the relationship between Yerevan and Stepanakert. He argues that a negotiated solution requires a degree of urgency.

The Darfur Peace Agreement: Expectations unfulfilled

Peace by piece: Addressing Sudan’s conflicts
Dec 2006
Accord Sudan: The Darfur Peace Agreement
Julian Hottinger explains the background to the Darfur conflict and the AU-led peace process in Abuja. He highlights the fundamental problem that each regional insurgent group expects a quasi-CPA of its own, while the CPA itself limits what can be agreed.