The Nagorny Karabakh Conflict – Perspectives for Peace?

Since the ceasefire in 1994 Azerbaijan and Armenia have remained in deadlock over the disputed Nagorny Karabakh region. On 13 June 2014, Conciliation Resources hosted an event and exhibition in Tbilisi, looking at perspectives for peace since the Nagorny Karabakh ceasefire twenty years ago.

Pioneering Accord series released as ebooks

For the first time, all 25 editions of Conciliation Resources' Accord publications are now available to download as free e-books. Download your copies now!

New publication explores legitimacy and peace processes

Legitimacy matters for peace. It defines the social and political deals between states and citizens, and local leaders and communities. The new edition of Accord focuses on legitimacy, and the ways that it can help build more equitable and sustainable peace.

El Salvador - Negotiating with gangs

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Isabel Aguilar Umaña, Bernardo Arévalo de León and Ana Glenda Táger discuss the truce between the two main gangs in El Salvador reached in March 2012. Levels of gang violence were comparable with war zones, with a rate of 66 homicides per 100,000 in 2011. Increasingly tough mano dura (iron fist) policies of criminal legislation proved counter-productive.

Transformation of coercive actors

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Veronique Dudouet argues that engaging different types of armed actor is an essential part of a peace process. Negotiations to end fighting also require that armed actors reconsider their reliance on coercion to achieve their objectives.

Violence and peacemaking in the political marketplace

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Alex de Waal explains how peace processes work in the political “marketplace”. In complex conflicts involving multiple armed actors, diverse forms of violence and a breakdown in central political authority, much of politics functions through patronage.

Accord Insight II project and publication: Local civil society engagement of non-state armed groups

Jan 2014
There is continuing uncertainty at the policy level over how and when to engage non-state armed groups (NSAGs). There has also been little focus on how community-based actors reach out to and are reached by NSAGs. Understanding local interactions with NSAGs may provide better analysis of a group’s dynamics as well as provide entry points for dialogue when formal channels are blocked. However there are a number of challenges and risks, as well as opportunities, for those that reach out to NSAGs.

Engaging armed groups (Insight)

This second Insight publication in the Accord series looks at the interactions between armed groups and local populations. Case studies from Colombia, northern Uganda, Syria and Northern Ireland document the experiences of communities who have organised to influence the behaviour of armed groups ­– often in advance of more formal negotiations and in situations of intense violence and embedded conflict. Despite political negotiations with the Irish Republican Army, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and the Afghan Taliban, governments are often still reluctant to allow space for dialogue with armed groups and there is limited understanding of how to reach and influence them constructively.

Reconciliation, reform and resilience: Positive peace for Lebanon (Accord 24) - Arabic version

Jul 2012
Lebanon’s model of post-war power sharing and liberal economic growth has been widely praised. But it has failed to deliver for most Lebanese. Repeated outbreaks of political violence since the 1989 Taif Peace Agreement, and today fear of spillover from insecurity in Syria, show that a fundamentally different approach is needed to transform negative and precarious stability in Lebanon into positive and resilient peace.

Escalation of violence across Line of Control: Statement by the Kashmir Initiative Group

Jan 2013
The Kashmir Initiative Group (KIG) views with deep concern the recent breach of peaceful ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir leading to noticeable diplomatic tension between India and Pakistan.