The Liberian peace process 1990-1996
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Max Ahmadu Sesay explains the triggers and deeper roots of the conflict in Liberia, the impact of the fighting on the population, and the conflict dynamics, including the proliferation of factions, resource exploitation and regional machinations. He reviews international responses, including West African peacekeeping and the diplomatic peace process that led to several flawed accords, and addresses an analytical gap by highlighting unarmed civic agencies in promoting and critiquing the peace process. He discusses various difficulties in Liberian peacemaking, including Charles Taylor’s ambition, factionalisation, regional politics and slow progress on disarmament, and he concludes by drawing lessons for Liberians and peacemakers.