West Africa continues to see sporadic conflict. In the Mano River region, which includes Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, two civil wars and two political crises have led to more than 500,000 deaths and the destruction of state institutions. It has also displaced millions of people and contributed to widespread economic and social underdevelopment. Long, porous borders create criminal opportunities and insecurity for border communities. The Ebola epidemic from 2014 is exacerbating underlying tensions in these areas. In Nigeria’s Plateau State, excluded youth are at risk from militancy, radicalism and recruitment into gangs involved in violent crime. While Boko Haram continues to attack civilians in Plateau’s neighbouring states, especially in the north.