This practice paper - the first in a series on different themes related to Conciliation Resources' peacebuilding insight – explores the role played by the International Contact Group (ICG) for the Mindanao peace process in achieving a framework peace agreement, and examines the contribution of hybrid mechanisms to the field of mediation and conflict transformation.
The ICG for the Mindanao peace process was established in 2009 by the Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). It is composed of four states – the United Kingdom, Japan, Turkey and Saudi Arabia; and four international non-governmental organisations – Conciliation Resources, Muhammadiyah, The Asia Foundation, and the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue. On 15 October 2012, after four decades of armed conflict and 15 years of negotiations, the parties to the conflict signed a framework peace agreement.
The paper was authored by Kristian Herbolzheimer and Emma Leslie, and is based on Conciliation Resources’ experience of participating in the Mindanao International Contact Group since its inception in 2009.