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Peace deficit for the Lebanese is threefold: social, governmental and regional-international. Lebanon’s conflict system feeds on complex interaction between levels (official and unofficial) and environments (internal and external). Peacebuilding responses to promote reconciliation, reform and sovereign resilience demand equal attention and need to be addressed strategically and simultaneously, to identify leverage points within the system to affect positive change.

This 24th publication in Conciliation Resources’ Accord series includes more than 30 articles and interviews from diverse perspectives and disciplines: applied and analytical, and from inside and outside the country. Together they show that the Lebanese are not merely passive victims of a violent fate determined beyond their country’s borders: many are hungry for change and have been actively exploring opportunities and pushing boundaries to achieve it.