After several failed peace processes, a peace accord was signed in 2019 by the Central African Republic government and 14 armed groups. With the country now preparing for elections in December 2020, this research looks to understand the views of local communities in Bossangoa and the Western Border Zones, in order to inform effective, proactive policy during this crucial period and beyond.
Local peace structures can play multiple roles in reinforcing inclusive forms of local governance, from diffusing local tensions between groups to building consensus on how to create and sustain legitimate institutions. Yet societal divides, weak institutions and dysfunctional politics in confict-affected contexts pose challenges for their ability to do so.
The Gal/i region has long been a focus for controversy in the Georgian-Abkhaz context. It is the southernmost district of Abkhazia, and highly populated by ethnic Georgians, whose living conditions, identity and rights are contested issues that create an uncertain outlook for the future.