Northern Kenya has a long history of ethnic conflict, violence and marginalisation, but new conflict drivers and dynamics related to devolution, terrorism and resource extraction are now exacerbating these local tensions and raising challenges for traditional peacebuilding structures.
Control of large budgets and political posts by local political and economic elites in the newly created County governments, is fuelling inter-and intra-tribal and clan tensions.
A Peace and Development Conference that brought together diverse sectors of society from the Somali Region of Ethiopia (Ogaden) including elders, intellectuals, business people, diaspora, refugees, religious leaders, women and youth was held in Nairobi, Kenya from 24-266 February 2017.
The Ogaden region in Ethiopia has been an epicentre of instability in the Horn of Africa region for several decades.
The unresolved conflict has been a major obstacle to development and progress; a trigger of inter-state wars between Ethiopia and Somalia in the 1960s and 1970s; and a proxy arena for the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Since 1994, the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) has been waging an armed insurgency against the Government of Ethiopia in the region.