This 6-page policy brief summarises the findings of Accord 25 - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent. It argues that a legitimacy lens should be applied to peace processes by paying attention to priorities of context, consent and change.
Miriam Coronel-Ferrer, Chairperson of the Philippines’ Government peace panel for negotiations with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), spoke to Conciliation Resources about the aims and challenges of the Mindanao peace process as she reflects on the lessons learned from past peacebuilding efforts.
On 25 January 2014 the Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front concluded sixteen years of negotiations seeking to putting an end to an armed conflict which originated in 1968. Kristian Herbolzheimer explains the origins of the conflict, details the innovations that led to the deal, outlines the ramifications of the deal itself, and warns that lessons need to be learnt to ensure that the implementation of the agreement is effective.
Governments remain reluctant to engage armed groups, a complex, risky and highly political action. Yet, as Teresa Dumasy explains, constructive engagement with armed groups can create the conditions for the peaceful resolution of conflict.
Lebanon’s model of post-war power sharing and liberal economic growth has been widely praised. But it has failed to deliver for most Lebanese. Repeated outbreaks of political violence since the 1989 Taif Peace Agreement, and today fear of spillover from insecurity in Syria, show that a fundamentally different approach is needed to transform negative and precarious stability in Lebanon into positive and resilient peace.
Surely now is the time to change the ongoing saga of India-Pakistan relations, moving beyond national identities with a view to building peace?
Pakistan and India celebrate 70 years of independence next week. That also means 70 years of hostility and conflict between the two states over the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir – divided by the Line of Control into Indian-administered and Pakistan-administered territories. Tensions and unresolved grievances around these historic disputes continue to feed wider regional instability.
The South Asia region is prone to natural disasters, several of which have had a devastating impact in the Kashmir region. However there is currently very little work being done across the LoC to prepare for, and respond to, these disasters.
Since July 2016 there has been an intense crisis in the Kashmir Valley in India-administered Kashmir, following the killing of militant Burhan Wani, Hizbul Mujahideen commander. A forum involving journalists from both sides of Kashmir is working to ensure that reporting from either side is not exacerbating the situation.
Cross-LoC trade has played a key role in maintaining space for collaboration and positive transformation between the two conflict-ridden parts of Jammu and Kashmir and between India and Pakistan.
However, due to the numerous challenges it faces today, the initial euphoria associated with the trade has declined to some extent and its economic viability - and subsequently its sustenance - has been called into question.