Accord - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent (policy brief)

Apr 2014
This 6-page policy brief summarises the findings of Accord 25 - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent. It argues that a legitimacy lens should be applied to peace processes by paying attention to priorities of context, consent and change.

Processing peace in Afghanistan

Jun 2017
The Salang Pass, a key mountain pass connecting northern Afghanistan with Kabul and the country's southern provinces.
This Accord spotlight summarises discussions from a workshop to explore priorities for peace in Afghanistan. It looks at six key themes; peacemaking in perspective, terminology, inclusion, understanding divisions, re-centring the regional stage and processing peace.

Nine priorities for peace in Afghanistan

After 25 years of civil war in Afghanistan, today progress towards a peace process is increasingly seen as central to securing a just and stable future. But to date, there has been little analysis of what a process might actually look like.


In the midst of violence: local engagement with armed groups
May 2015
Michael Semple introduces the publication and affirms that formal peacemaking can learn much from the experiences of local communities' engagement with armed groups.

Michael Semple

Michael Semple is visiting professor at the Institute for the Study of Conflict Transformation and Social Justice, Queen’s University Belfast. He specialises in research, policy and practice of humanitarian assistance and conflict resolution in Afghanistan and Pakistan. He worked in the region from 1988–2008 and was a member of the United Nations political team that helped implement the 2001 Bonn Agreement. From 2004–08 he was Deputy to the European Union Special Representative for Afghanistan.

Afghanistan post-2014: reverberations in Kashmir

Apr 2014
Afghanistan post-2014: reverberations in Kashmir
2014 is a pivotal year in Afghanistan with a major drawdown of US troops under way. This latest briefing paper considers the possible scenarios for neighbouring Kashmir. What are the implications for the already fragile Indian-Pakistani dialogue? And what impact will it have on intra-Kashmir peacebuilding initiatives? For more information on the background to the Kashmir conflict please see the previous brief in this series.

New publication explores legitimacy and peace processes

Legitimacy matters for peace. It defines the social and political deals between states and citizens, and local leaders and communities. The new edition of Accord focuses on legitimacy, and the ways that it can help build more equitable and sustainable peace.

Afghanistan - Local governance, national reconciliation and community reintegration

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Karim Merchant and Ghulam Rasoul Rasouli analyse attempts in Afghanistan to use Community Development Councils (CDCs) to roll out a national reintegration programme for ex-combatants at the local level. The CDCs’ main function is to implement the National Solidarity Program (NSP), established in 2003 as “the largest people’s project in the history of Afghanistan”.

Local governance and peacebuilding: challenges of legitimate representation

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Ken Menkhaus asks how viable it is to mobilise the legitimacy of local leadership for peace. Legitimate representation is difficult to identify in talks to end violent conflict that can include a proliferation of armed groups, severe social and political fragmentation, or communal or criminal violence.

Legitimacy and peace processes

Legitimacy matters for peace. Accord focuses on legitimacy and the practical ways that it can contribute to building more sustainable peace. It looks at 15 country case studies at various stages of conflict, including the Philippines, Syria, Afghanistan, the Basque Country, Somaliland, Yemen and Burma.